Pathology and Criticism of the Performance of Banking System in Iran from the Perspective of Economic Justice

1Professor, Rsearch Institute for Islamic Culture and Thoght , Qom, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Eqbal Lahoori Institute of Higher Education. Mashhad, Iran


After the Islamic revolution, justice was always one of the major polices of the leader. But performance of banking system from the perspective of justice was criticized by the economic experts. Scientific criticism must be based on the performance evaluation and empirical evidence. Measuring justice dimensions and its components requires the use of appropriate indicators. Considering the criticism of the banking system about the weakness of justice, in this paper, we examine the issue that the position of justice in the Iran banking system is improving. Therefore a number of justice indicators in the field of Islamic banking were extracted and then estimated the degree of compliance of the banking system with the criteria and indexes of justice by using the secondary data of the central bank. Non-parametric statistical methods named Mann-Kendall trend test was conducted for detecting the trends of each factor. Improving the components of justice (fairly distribution of resources, realization the purpose of depositor, poverty alleviation, and realization the rights of the parties) were tested through four hypotheses. The results showed that all of the justice factors, except the “realization the purpose of depositor” have no significant improving. In other words, the “realization the purpose of depositor” has a significant increasing trend. Furthermore, there was a downward trend in “fairly distribution of resources” and “poverty alleviation”. Also significant increasing trend of “non-realization the rights of the parties” was identified.