Grounds of Human Rights

Seyyed Sadegh Haghighat and Seyyed Ali MirMusavi


Systems of thought base their values and norms on the explanation of human’s place in the world of being. Human rights as well are influenced by the way these systems view human nature and his needs. Intellectual debates in the West during Renaissance, which were accompanied by change in the methodology of thinking and study, opened new windows for thinking about humans, and, through a new look, made sensible and observable aspects of human life superior to other ones, and led thinkers in the West to human laws for administration of collective life; finally, a new movement was formed. In this regard, the late Prof. Mutahhari said:

“In the western world, subsequent to the seventeenth century, there was a movement in the area of social affairs, which took place in the wake of scientific and philosophical developments, and which wail under the name of ‘Human Rights’. The writers and thinkers of the seventeenth and eighteenth century propagated their own ideas regarding ‘natural, intrinsic and undeniable human rights with admirable tenacity. Rousseau, Voltaire and Montesquieu were among this group of authors and thinkers. Human society in general is deeply indebted to them. It may even be claimed that human society is no less indebted to them than to the great discoverers and inventors”[1].

[1] . Mutahhari. Women Rights in Islam