Religion and Artificial Intelligence

Alireza Ghaeminia

How does the claim that computer thinks or it is only computer that thinks influence some religious beliefs? May it be in conflict with contents of the Scriptures? In “Artificial Intelligence”, there are two important claims: some people think that computer thinks in the true sense of the term (symbols system hypothesis); some others claim that it is only computer that thinks (strong symbols system hypothesis).

In some cases, religious texts rely on thinking and intellection as well. Is “thinking” used, in two cases, in the same sense? And, are religion and religious texts able to reveal some differences between man and computer? The author tries to find some replies for these questions; and, taking into account religious texts, show differences between the two.